The extraordinary nature of Canada attracts a huge number of tourists. It is a great rarity in the Northern Hemisphere when natural natural complexes are preserved almost in their original state and border on modern cities. About 10% of Canada is still uninhabited. Canadians are proud of their nature and protect it. In Canada, there are many rare species of plants and animals. The most famous is the beaver.
The beaver is one of the national symbols of Canada, along with the maple leaf and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).
Much of Canada has been explored and developed thanks to beavers. Why? In 1600-1700 beaver fur hats were very fashionable in Europe. Thousands of Europeans went to Canada to trade furs and set up trade posts. About 100,000 beaver skins were exported annually to Europe in the 19th century. Fortunately, fashion is changeable and beavers have not been exterminated. In 1863, Hudson’s Bay Company, Canada’s largest company, placed the image of a beaver on its coat of arms. In 1851, a postage stamp featuring a beaver was printed. Finally, in 1975, the beaver was officially recognized as the national symbol of Canada.
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The bear is considered to be the largest and most dangerous animal in Canada. Several types of bears live in Canada: the grizzly bear, the brown bear, the black bear and the polar white bear. The grizzly bear is considered the most aggressive and dangerous. It can be easily identified by its appearance – brown coat with whitish tips and a hump on the back. Grizzlies live in northwestern Canada. The brown bear is smaller than the grizzly and can be found closer to the Pacific coast. The black baribal bear is found throughout Canada. The polar white bear is a rare animal, protected by the state. The weight of this giant reaches 680 kg. You can meet him either in the zoo or in the far north (Churchill, Manitoba).
In general, the fauna of Canada is quite rich.
In particular, many fur-bearing animals are found in Canadian forests: sable, arctic fox, marten, ermine, mink, wolverine. Among predators: lynx, wolf, coyote, fox. In the southern part of the country there are several subspecies of the virgin deer, the black-tailed deer is characteristic of British Canada, and the pronghorn antelope is also found there. Elk, bison, musk ox, arctic caribou and forest caribou are found in the north and west of the country. In the mountains of British Canada there are many bighorns (bighorn sheep) and wild gray cats, which are unique animals of Canada. The raccoon, porcupine and skunk are well known to zoo visitors, although few people know that these are typical inhabitants of Canadian city parks. Whale watching is another type of tourist entertainment in Canada. Whales can be seen along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, as well as at the mouth of the St. Lawrence River.
There are about 500 species of birds in Canada.
The loon is a beautiful northern bird, its image can be seen on the Canadian one dollar coin, nests in almost all of Canada, Alaska, Greenland and Iceland. The Great Blue Heron is one of the largest Canadian birds. It is interesting to listen to how she imitates other birds. And finally, the Canadian wild goose. This bird lives in almost all of Canada.
The best way to observe the wild nature of Canada is in national parks. Canada has 37 National Parks and 129 National Historical Sites, including forts, battlefields, North American pioneer settlements, and more. Undoubtedly, the most famous are the parks of the Canadian Cordillera. And the most famous attraction is the Indian village of Haida Indian Village of Ninstints. Aboriginal people have lived in this area for more than 2000 years, as evidenced by a totem pole found at this site. The language of the Haida people is unique and has not yet been fully deciphered. The best way to explore the West Coast is in Pacific Rim National Park on Vancouver Island.
The climate of this place is mild and humid, favorable for rainforest growth, recreation and surfing.
Cape Breton Highlands National Park is best known as a favorite destination for cyclists and racing drivers thanks to Canada’s most famous highway, the Cabot Trail.
Wood Buffalo National Park was created to conserve bison and their habitat. This park is larger in area than Switzerland, and the number of bison reaches 6000.
Auyuittuq National Park is the only national park located above the Arctic Circle. Here you can ride a dog sled and visit the village of the Eskimos – Inuit. Also in Canada there are a huge number of provincial parks. The most famous is Algonquin Provincial Park, which is located 300 km north of Toronto (Ontario). The park has a huge number of lakes and rivers. This is the perfect place for a countryside getaway.